How do you know what primer to use?
- Length of 18-24 bases.
- 40-60% G/C content.
- Start and end with 1-2 G/C pairs.
- Melting temperature (Tm) of 50-60°C.
- Primer pairs should have a Tm within 5°C of each other.
- Primer pairs should not have complementary regions.
How do you get a primer sequence?
- Go to the Primer BLAST submission form.
- Enter one or both primer sequences in the Primer Parameters section of the form.
- In the Primer Pair Specificity Checking Parameters section, select the appropriate source Organism and the smallest Database that is likely to contain the target sequence.
How do you check primer design? To find out if your primers are binding at the right position on your template, you could apply BLASTn. It will reveal the expected binding positions and indicate the orientation of the binding as well. This is especially useful to check the orientation of the reverse primer.
How do you manually design a primer? Create a primer from your sequence
Open a DNA sequence, go to your “Sequence Map” view, select a region, and right click. From the dropdown, select “Create Primer”, and select the direction you’d like. A “Design Primer” tab will appear that displays other parameters to assist you in designing your primer.